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SCIENCEDIRECT Shame in patients with narcissistic personality disorder


Shame and the Narcissist [sign in to see URL]

 
SCIENCEDIRECT Shame in patients with narcissistic personality disorder - Kathrin Rittera, Aline Vatera, Nicolas Rüsche, Michela Schröder-Abéd, Astrid Schützf, Thomas Fydrichg, Claas-Hinrich Lammersh, Stefan Roepkec - doi:[sign in to see URL] ([sign in to see URL]) - Psychiatry Research ([sign in to see URL]) Volume 215, Issue 2, 28 February 2014, Pages 429–437- Published by Elsevier ([sign in to see URL])

Shame in patients with narcissistic personality disorder
Kathrin Rittera, b, , ,
Aline Vatera, c, d,
Nicolas Rüsche,
Michela Schröder-Abéd,
Astrid Schützf,
Thomas Fydrichg,
Claas-Hinrich Lammersh,
Stefan Roepkec, ,
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doi:[sign in to see URL]
Psychiatry Research
Volume 215, Issue 2, 28 February 2014, Pages 429–437

Abstract
Shame has been described as a central emotion in narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). However, there is a dearth of empirical data on shame in NPD. Patients with NPD (N=28), non-clinical controls (N=34) and individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD, N=31) completed self-report measures of state shame, shame-proneness, and guilt-proneness. Furthermore, the Implicit Association Test (IAT) was included as a measure of implicit shame, assessing implicit shame-self associations relative to anxiety-self associations. Participants with NPD reported higher levels of explicit shame than non-clinical controls, but lower levels than patients with BPD. Levels of guilt-proneness did not differ among the three study groups. The implicit shame-self associations (relative to anxiety-self associations) were significantly stronger among patients with NPD compared to nonclinical controls and BPD patients. Our findings indicate that shame is a prominent feature of NPD. Implications for diagnosis and treatment are discussed.


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May/15/2016, 6:34 am Link to this post  
 


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