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SCIENCEDIRECT Fearing, not loving, the reflection

Narcissism and Self Love

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The World of the Narcissist (Essay)

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Personality and Individual Differences
Volume 74, February 2015, Pages 280–284

Fearing, not loving, the reflection: Narcissism, self-esteem, and self-discrepancy theory
Michael D. Barnett, ,
Palee M. Womack

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• Explored self-esteem and narcissism through the lens of self-discrepancy theory.
• Found evidence of incremental validity for self-discrepancies in assessing self-esteem and narcissism.
• Results suggest narcissism is associated with an undesired, not ideal, self-concept.


This study used self-discrepancy theory to explore self-esteem and narcissism. College students (N = 450) completed measures of self-discrepancy, affect, self-esteem, and narcissism. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses found that self-discrepancies explained variance in self-esteem and narcissism beyond that explained by affect. Results also indicated that the actual-ideal and actual-undesired self-discrepancies predicted self-esteem, while the actual-undesired self-discrepancy was the only significant predictor of narcissism. This study provides evidence of incremental validity for self-discrepancies in measuring self-esteem and narcissism. It also suggests that narcissism is associated with an undesired, not an ideal, self-concept.

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Encyclopedia of Narcissism and Psychopathy

Buy 16 books and video lectures on 3 DVDs about narcissists, psychopaths, and abusive relationships
Mar/9/2017, 3:35 pm Link to this post  

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