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True self and false self

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True self and false self
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
True self (also known as real self, authentic self, original self and vulnerable self) and false self (also known as fake self, ideal self, perfect self, superficial self and pseudo self) are psychological concepts often used in connection with narcissism.

They were introduced into psychoanalysis in 1960 by D. W. Winnicott.[1] Winnicott used true self to describe a sense of self based on spontaneous authentic experience, and a feeling of being alive, having a real self.[2]

The false self, by contrast, Winnicott saw as a defensive façade[1]—one which in extreme cases could leave its holders lacking spontaneity and feeling dead and empty, behind a mere appearance of being real.[1]

To maintain their self-esteem, and protect their vulnerable true selves, narcissists need to control others' behavior – particularly that of their children seen as extensions of themselves.[3]

1 Characteristics
2 Precursors
3 Later developments
3.1 Kohut
3.2 Lowen
3.3 Masterson
3.4 Symington
3.5 Vaknin
3.6 Miller
3.7 Orbach: false bodies
3.8 Jungian persona
3.9 Stern's tripartite self
4 Literary examples
5 Criticisms
6 See also
7 References
8 Further reading
9 External links

Encyclopedia of Narcissism and Psychopathy

Buy 16 books and video lectures on 3 DVDs about narcissists, psychopaths, and abusive relationships
Aug/25/2017, 7:26 am Link to this post  

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