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SCIENCEDIRECT Personotypic Affect, Justifying Cognitions, and Security-seeking Behaviors


Psychological Defense Mechanisms

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Succeeding with Difficult Clients ( [sign in to see URL] )
Applications of Cognitive Appraisal Therapy

A volume in Practical Resources for the Mental Health Professional ([sign in to see URL])

2001, Pages 33–62

Chapter 3 – Basic CAT Concepts: Personotypic Affect, Justifying Cognitions, and Security-seeking Behaviors
Richard Wessler,
Sheenah Hankin,
Jonathan Stern

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Publisher Summary
This chapter provides an introduction to cognitive appraisal therapy (CAT). According to CAT, each person naturally assumes the emotional pitch of one's family. Therefore, one has a nonconscious personal rule of living that prescribes how one should feel. This is known as the emotional setpoint. When one's subjective emotional feelings fail to match emotional setpoint, automatic processes are activated to return the person's feelings to the prescribed range around that setpoint (or pitch). Deviations below the setpoint are corrected by certain mood-lifting thoughts and actions. These are commonly known as defenses—automatic processes that return a person's emotional state to a familiar setpoint. By screening out certain emotionally painful thoughts and perceptions from awareness, by distorting perceptions to lessen their emotional impact, or by anticipating emotionally painful situations, one can preserve one's emotional setpoint. In addition to a familiar setpoint for one's longstanding, attachment-based emotions, a certain subset of emotions is linked with the familiarity, comfort, and security of the primary attachment. Familiarity comes from repeated exposure not only to certain events, usually within the family, but also to certain models of emoting and interacting.

Published by Elsevier ([sign in to see URL])


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Nov/26/2017, 7:19 am Link to this post  
 


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