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Network vs. Hierarchy as Organizing Principles
Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Neurodisorders
Network vs. Hierarchy as Organizing Principles: Information, Power, Benefits in Business as in the Brain
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D.
Visiting Professor of Psychology, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
Professor of Finance and Psychology in SIAS-CIAPS (Centre for International Advanced and Professional Studies).
*Corresponding Author: Sam Vaknin, Visiting Professor of Psychology, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, Professor of Finance and Psychology in SIAS-CIAPS, Email: email@example.com
Citation: Sam Vaknin (2020) Network vs. Hierarchy as Organizing Principles: Information, Power, Benefits in Business as in the Brain. J Neuropsychiatr Neurodis, 2(2);1-3
Copyright: © 2020, Network vs. Hierarchy as Organizing Principles: Information, Power, Benefits in Business as in the Brain, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Network methodology and concepts are also being applied to mental health disorders and psychopathology: symptoms are treated as nodes, causally interconnected via biological, psychological, and societal mechanisms. Symptoms can become self-sustaining and self-reinforcing as they get integrated in robust feedback loops. The entire network than becomes chaotic (disordered). Stable states of networked symptoms amount to discreet mental health diagnoses (Borsboom, D.(2017) A Network Theory of Mental Disorders, World Psychiatry, 16(1): 5–13, https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20375).
This reconception of mental illness as a network of directly and dynamically interacting symptoms is a reversal of the medicalized static common cause and latent variable model where symptoms are brought on by a single mental health syndrome or disorder (Bringmann, L. F., & Eronen, M. I. (2018). Don't blame the model: Reconsidering the network approach to psychopathology. Psychological Review, 125 (4), 606-615. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000108).
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