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Registered: 10-2008
Posts: 2215
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Lying: Pinocchio

"Pinocchio" as illustrated by Mazzanti

"A lie keeps growing and growing until it's as plain as the nose on your face."
- Blue Fairy in "Pinocchio

From: The Truth About Deception: Compulsive Lying


For the compulsive liar, lying feels safe and this fuels the desire to lie even more.

Making matters even more complicated, compulsive lying is often a symptom of a much larger personality disorder, which only makes the problem more difficult to resolve

From: What is the Difference Between a Pathological, a Compulsive, a Chronic, and a Habitual Liar?


A pathological liar is usually defined as someone who lies incessantly to get their way and does so with little concern for others. Pathological lying is often viewed as coping mechanism developed in early childhood and it is often associated with some other type of mental health disorder. A pathological liar is often goal-oriented (i.e., lying is focused - it is done to get one's way). Pathological liars have little regard or respect for the rights and feelings of others. A pathological liar often comes across as being manipulative, cunning and self-centered.

Compulsive Liar

A compulsive liar is defined as someone who lies out of habit. Lying is their normal and reflexive way of responding to questions. Compulsive liars bend the truth about everything, large and small. For a compulsive liar, telling the truth is very awkward and uncomfortable while lying feels right. Compulsive lying is usually thought to develop in early childhood, due to being placed in an environment where lying was necessary. For the most part, compulsive liars are not overly manipulative and cunning (see, Pathological Liar), rather they simply lie out of habit - an automatic response which is hard to break and one that takes its toll on a relationship (see, how to cope with a compulsive liar).

From: Chronic Lying at Mental Health Matters


It has been hypothesized that chronic lying is not a mental disorder of it’s own. In fact, it is not recognized in the DSM-IV (The Diagnostic Manual used to describe mental illnesses). Instead, it is viewed as a symptom of another mental disorder that is present, such as delusional thinking, psychopathy, or narcissism.

From: Does Pathological Lying Warrant Inclusion in DSM?


Charles Dike, M.D., a forensic psychiatrist and clinical instructor in psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine, maintains that psychiatrists need to pay attention to pathological lying so they are able to inform the legal system about whether pathological liars should be held responsible for their behavior. He believes as well that it is time for psychiatrists to assess whether pathological lying "represents only a symptom of a pre-existing psychiatric disorder or is a coherent enough entity" to be included as a separate diagnosis in APA’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM).

Some could confuse narcissistic personality disorder with pathological lying, but in the former "lies are told mainly for self-aggrandizement, and this is often obvious to the audience," he pointed out.

Last edited by LynnS, Dec/30/2008, 4:59 pm

"The best way out is always through."--Robert Frost
Oct/26/2008, 3:53 pm Link to this post  

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